Arnold Schwarzenegger says “No one gives a damn about climate change” and calls for a new name

Arnold Schwarzenegger says "No one gives a damn about climate change" and calls for a new name

Arnold Schwarzenegger, known for his climate change activism, advocates a new approach to tackling the problem. In an interview with CBS News, Schwarzenegger expressed his belief that reframing the climate crisis as pollution could have a more significant impact on mobilizing people to protect the planet.

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Schwarzenegger said, “As long as they keep talking about global climate change, they’re not going anywhere, because nobody gives a damn about it.” So my thing is, let’s rephrase that and communicate it differently and really tell the people who were talking about pollution. Pollution creates climate change and pollution kills.

In line with his vision, innovative companies like Timeplast contribute to a greener future by developing innovative technology to tackle plastic pollution. Timeplast’s patented additive alters the molecular structure of traditional plastics, allowing them to fully biodegrade in a fraction of the time it takes for ordinary plastics to break down.

The famous actor and former governor of California has made tackling climate change the focus of his efforts. Having recently hosted the Austrian World Summit, an event dedicated to reducing the impact of climate change, Schwarzenegger remains committed to addressing this pressing issue.

“I’m on a mission to go and reduce greenhouse gases around the world because I want to have a healthy body and a healthy Earth,” Schwarzenegger said. This is what I’m fighting for, and this is my crusade.

During this year’s Austrian World Summit, held at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Schwarzenegger reiterated his call to action to promote sustainability and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

I demand change, the Commando star said at the conference. Change is never easy, but this is an emergency, and this emergency calls for action. Build better. Build cleaner. Build now. Build, build, build. We can do it. As our motto says here, we have the power.

Schwarzenegger has played an integral role in making California a global leader in environmental initiatives. Thanks to his efforts, California successfully met all of its environmental goals while experiencing remarkable economic growth, becoming the world’s fifth largest economy and generating more jobs than any other state.

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Even after he left office in 2011, Schwarzenegger’s dedication to advancing clean energy initiatives has remained unwavering. Through the Schwarzenegger Institute at the University of Southern California, he has continued to support state and local clean energy efforts with the goal of creating a sustainable future. With a firm commitment to ending pollution, he seeks to expand his business and collaborate with partners around the world.

Schwarzenegger established The Schwarzenegger Climate Initiative, marking the logical progression in his relentless pursuit of a cleaner, more sustainable planet. The initiative is now led by Monika Langthaler, who co-founded the Austrian World Summit (AWS) with Schwarzenegger in 2017.

One of the key goals of The Schwarzenegger Climate Initiative is to raise awareness of the climate crisis and the urgent need for action. The annual AWS has become one of the largest environmental gatherings globally. It serves as a platform to highlight tangible solutions and measures proposed by influential decision makers committed to preserving a healthy planet and achieving a carbon neutral economy by 2050.

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#Arnold #Schwarzenegger #damn #climate #change #calls

Choking on climate denial | Editorial

Choking on climate denial |  Editorial

If you’re wondering what the cost of climate change is, well, here it is: It’s diminishing the quality of your life today. It’s the apocalyptic haze that hangs over our state, that weird cough when you step outside and taste the smoke from a bushfire that’s burning nearly 700 miles away.

Climate change is too stop construction of homes in Phoenix due to drought and water shortages and make it impossible to insure your home in California, as State Farm and Allstate no longer want to sell fire insurance there. And if you look globally, it’s even worse: a third of Pakistan was under water due to climate change-related flooding last year and we are seeing droughts, crop failures and famines all over the world.

Smoke from the wildfire hitting New Jersey right now is nothing new to the West Coast, but it’s a reminder to us that climate change isn’t someone else’s problem, as people like Doug O’ have long emphasized. Malley, the director of Environment New Jersey. The poor will be hardest hit, but we live in a warming world and this will have devastating effects on all of us.

Meanwhile, Republicans still don’t get it. In Washington, the House GOP just passed a bill that would have gutted President Biden’s ambitious climate initiatives, and all three New Jersey Republicans Tom Kean Jr., Chris Smith and Jeff Van Drew voted for it. Here at home they are mobilizing against the offshore wind. Where is the urgency to do this? asked Senator Michael Testa, a Republican from South Jersey.

Well that should end any complacency and underscores the importance of supporting the climate policies of Phil Murphy and Joe Bidens like building offshore wind farms to replace dirty coal plants or investing in electric cars to replace gas drinkers. Given the political realities around the world, the situation is sure to get worse. The only question is by how much.

Think of the canceled field trips and graduations this week. Is that really what we want for our children? A world where you can’t take a walk without a hazmat suit?

And it’s a reminder of the importance of tools like air filtration, even as people walk away from the pandemic. You don’t want to be in an office or school that’s sucking in smoke right now. We should be concerned with improving ventilation; it’s not just about Covid, it’s about climate change. Expect air quality filters to become more common, just as home generators have in reaction to extreme weather.

The tools that protect us from COVID masks, air filters, and structural policies like expanding access to healthcare are the tools we need to protect us from the climate crisis, which is causing a decline in air quality and an increase in disease outbreaks, Lucky Tran, a biologist and public health communicator at Columbia University Irving Medical Center tweeted this week.

Because these are no longer once-in-a-lifetime events. They’re happening several times a year, amid floods, droughts and forest fires, notes New Jersey conservationist Jeff Tittel. Hurricane Ida happened less than two years ago and just last week we had two wildfires in South Jersey, one that shut down the Garden State Parkway and another that nearly burned down 40 homes in Medford. And now, this smoke emergency from Canada.

The reason particulate matter from wildfires is so dangerous is because it’s tiny: the smaller the fine particles, the more they infiltrate our lungs. Poor air quality can be a trigger for lethal events like strokes or heart attacks, research shows. It is particularly harmful to children, the elderly and asthmatics. Think how it feels for the more than 600,000 New Jersey residents who have asthma to be out and about right now, many, like Amazon’s delivery workers, having no choice.

Strategies of adaptation will only take us so far, because even the rich cannot buy their own air. There is broad public consensus that climate change is real, and is happening, and we should act accordingly, says O’Malley; but it’s still often framed as something we should do for the next generation. What people need to understand is that this is not a problem with our children or our grandchildren, she adds. This is our problem. Because of the air we are all breathing right now.

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#Choking #climate #denial #Editorial

Smoke from wildfires in Rochester NY from Canada shows climate reality

Smoke from wildfires in Rochester NY from Canada shows climate reality

  • The climate crisis, including increasing heat, prolonged drought and a thirsty atmosphere, has been a key factor in the increase in the risk and extent of wildfires in the United States
  • Drought and persistent heat set the stage for extraordinary 2020-2022 fire seasons in many western states, with all three years far exceeding the average acres burned.

Mongolian sand travels hundreds of miles before whipping an unprepared cosmopolitan Beijing. The glaciers melt and the sea rises. Smoke from the wildfires swirls up and down from Canada and across New York State, forcing people indoors and endangering those with health issues.

These are the effects of the climate crisis, experts say. As our planet warms, more each year, the fuel for wildfires runs out, more cropland turns to dust, and air patterns can be intensified. It’s the new reality, not an anomaly.

Welcome to a wildfire smoke show.

As the haze has penetrated deep into the East Coast this week, skies have turned white or brown or gray, sunsets have become dramatic, masks discarded by the pandemic have been found, and people with asthma and other lung and heart conditions have recovered. worried and struggled. Runners canceled group plans for Global Running Day on June 7, and workers who can’t lose a paycheck continued to work outdoors.

Smog from wildfires in Canada has made its way across the upper United States.  The sun had an orange cast reflecting its color off Lake Ontario in Webster Park.

“It’s underrated on the East Coast,” said climate data expert Dr. Edward Kearns of the First Street organization. “I think people in the West who live with a higher likelihood of wildfires appreciate it more because it often impacts their daily lives. But it’s not just a Western state issue, it’s a whole country, a whole continent, a whole world problem.”

The unhealthy air should continue. An air quality advisory for all of western New York and nearly the entire state was issued through Wednesday by the National Weather Service.

#Smoke #wildfires #Rochester #Canada #shows #climate #reality

Is it caused by climate change?

Smog from wildfires in Canada has made its way across the upper United States.  The smog obscures part of the Rochester skyline that is normally clearly visible at Cobb Hills Park.

#caused #climate #change

Unraveling the Historical Journey of the Green Bean: A Story of Evolution, Migration, and Climate Adaptation

many rows of graded seeds of various sizes, shapes and colors in labeled boxes.

The mung bean, commonly known as green gram, has played a vital role as a cheap source of protein in regions where access to meat is limited. Over 4,500 years, the cultivation of this humble legume has sustained civilizations throughout its history. While its migration routes and cultivation expansion have been a mystery, a new study led by researchers at the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, published in eLife, reveals insights into this hardy crop’s winding odyssey.

many rows of graded seeds of various sizes, shapes and colors in labeled boxes.
Vavlov Institute of Vegetable Industry in Russia. (Photo: Eric J. Von Wettberg.)

The study, co-led by Sergey Nuzhdin, a professor of biological sciences at USC Dornsife, used cutting-edge genomic techniques to trace the evolutionary trajectory of the mung bean. The team analyzed mung bean seeds from three global seed banks, including the Australian Diversity Panel, the World Vegetable Center in Taiwan and the Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry in Russia.

The research unveiled a distinctive cultivation path and shed light on the factors that influenced its expansion. Contrary to previous hypotheses based on the geographical proximity between South and Central Asia, genetic evidence suggests that the mung bean first spread from South Asia to Southeast Asia, and then finally reached Central Asia, including Western China, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Iran and Russia.

Climate adaptation

Nuzhdin and his team of international scientists used an interdisciplinary approach that examined population information, environmental conditions, laboratory and field empirical investigations, and historical records from ancient Chinese sources. Through this analysis, they found that divergent climatic conditions and agricultural practices across Asia shaped the unique trajectory of mung beans, not deliberate cultivation choices by humans.

Nuzhdin was surprised that evolution was not solely driven by human activity through domestication, but instead was intricately intertwined with the mung bean’s adaptation to the different climates it encountered during its journey.

What the research uncovered was the existence of two distinct mung bean adaptations, each favored in specific geographic locations. The southern variant, native to South Asia before 1068-107 AD, is characterized by larger seeds, favoring higher yields in regions with torrid climates. In contrast, the northern variant, originating in northern China around AD 544, exhibited drought tolerance and a short growing season during the summer planting season. The mung bean later spread to the rest of China and Southeast Asia, including Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam and Taiwan.

Neatly planted rows of crops.
Taiwan’s World Vegetable Center tests different genetic materials to grow and breed mung beans. New USC Dornsife research will illuminate which genetic materials to use for optimal breeding and cultivation. (Photo courtesy: World Vegetable Center, Taiwan.)

Genetic variations

While the study’s historical revelations are compelling in their own right, their implications have relevance to new ways of growing crops. The mung bean genetic makeup, including short growing season and resistance to extreme heat, has significant potential to mitigate the impact of climate change on agriculture. Particularly in Southeast Asia, where prolonged heatwaves and the severity and impact of flooding threaten valuable agricultural areas, these genetic variants could prove to be a game changer in the face of climate change.

“Our findings offer a critical roadmap for farmers aiming to improve mung bean production in the face of climate change forecasts, especially in southern regions. This fundamental research is of immense importance in guiding the selection of genetic materials for breeding programs,” Nuzhdin said.

About the study:

The study, Environment as a Limiting Factor of the Historical Global Spread of Mung Bean, was published in eLife. The components of USC were funded by the United States Agency for International Development and the Zumberge Foundation. Funding was also provided by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan; the Australian Center for International Agricultural Research; the long-term strategic donors of the World Vegetable Center; The Republic of China (Taiwan); the UK government; Germany; Thailand; Philippines; Korea; and Japan. The Russian Scientific Fund Project and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation also contributed.

#Unraveling #Historical #Journey #Green #Bean #Story #Evolution #Migration #Climate #Adaptation

This startup is hoeing seawater to tackle climate change

This startup is hoeing seawater to tackle climate change

A new California-based startup is trying to tackle climate change by simultaneously eliminating carbon dioxide from the ocean and air and creating hydrogen as an alternative fuel. Boeing has already inked a deal with Equatic, the company it launched last week.

The deal calls for Boeing to purchase 2,100 tons of hydrogen from Equatic that it can use as sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The hydrogen is a byproduct of Equatics’ efforts to filter planet-warming CO2 from the air and seawater. Boeing has also agreed to purchase 62,000 tons of carbon removal to offset some of its own climate pollution.

Equatics technology brings together two nascent climate change strategies that are starting to take off in the United States

Equatics technology brings together two nascent climate change strategies that are starting to take off in the United States. More and more companies from Big Tech to Big Oil are funding efforts to capture the CO2 that has built up in the atmosphere and oceans; it’s a way to atone for some of the pollution they generate by burning fossil fuels. Hydrogen is an alternative to oil and gas that the Biden administration has called a high-priority technology to be developed as the United States seeks to meet its climate goals.

Unlike other startups that focus on getting CO2 out of the air OR the sea, or sourcing carbon-free hydrogen from renewable energy, Equatic does it all. The company grew out of a research initiative at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and already has two small pilot plants in Los Angeles and Singapore. Each plant absorbs ocean water and then runs an electric current through it. This splits the water molecules, freeing up the hydrogen that Equatic can sell as fuel.

The electric shock also separates the water into two streams: one very acidic and another very alkaline or basic. In basic flow, dissolved calcium binds to CO2 in the water to form the mineral calcium carbonate. Then, to extract the CO2 from the air, Equatic bubbles the air through the same stream of basic water. The gas is mineralized into magnesium bicarbonate. Equatic must then neutralize both water streams back to ocean pH so they can release the seawater which is now laden with mineralized carbon dioxide. The idea is that these minerals will trap CO2 in the ocean for more than 10,000 years, preventing it from entering the atmosphere, where it would cause global warming.

Equatic is attempting to control a very complex ocean chemistry.

But the process could potentially have some unforeseen consequences, some environmental advocates warn. Equatic is trying to control a very complex ocean chemistry, says John Fleming, senior scientist at the nonprofit Center for Biological Diversity, in an email to The limit. Equatic says it will monitor to make sure what it releases into the ocean meets necessary thresholds, but with technology this new, there could be effects on ocean chemistry and life that have not currently been accounted for.

For example, Fleming fears that if Equatics’ technique upsets the balance of minerals in the ocean, it could affect shell-building creatures that are already struggling with human-caused ocean acidification. Because these creatures form the basis of marine food chains, what happens to them has knock-on effects throughout ecosystems.

Equatic says its technology doesn’t change the acidity of the ocean and that the water it releases is comparable to the effluent from desalination plants or other industrial plants. I’m more optimistic than concerned about some of the environmental effects of what we do, says Equatic COO Edward Sanders in an interview with The limit.

Equatics pilot plant in Los Angeles.
Image: Equatic

We will take technology from high-income countries and move it to low- and middle-income countries. This is the diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies, says Sanders. The startup plans to build much larger plants to fulfill its deal with Boeing and other new customers, one in Singapore and an even larger one in a location the company hasn’t disclosed yet.

Besides Boeing, Equatic has other big backers. It was launched with more than $30 million in funding from the US Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, and other foundations. Former BP CEO John Browne, who is now chairman of climate tech firm BeyondNetZero, is also chairman of the Equatics advisory board. And electronic payments company Stripe paid for the CO2 that Equatic captured at its Los Angeles pilot plant while still part of UCLA, at a whopping $1,370 per ton of carbon dioxide.

In order for Equatic to grow, the price will need to be lowered. It aims for $100 a ton by 2028. By 2026, it plans to bring a giant plant online capable of capturing 100,000 tons of CO2 annually. For comparison, the largest plant in operation today that sucks CO2 from the air only has the capacity to capture 4,000 tons per year. Equatic may have an advantage in that it could eventually generate its own electricity from the hydrogen it produces, which could reduce costs.

The energy intensity of such operations is another concern for Fleming and other environmental advocates who are skeptical of technological solutions to climate change. Power grids around the world are still pretty dirty, and there isn’t enough renewable energy on the line to meet global climate goals. Rather than climate strategies that further alter the natural functioning of our planetary ecosystem, our goal should instead be to phase out the fossil fuels that drive climate disruption, Fleming says.

Equatic is taking an all of the above approach. We recognize that if you’re going to decarbonize, you need to do two things, Sanders says. You have to eliminate carbon dioxide [of the atmosphere] and you need to stop putting more. And the process we’ve developed does that.

#startup #hoeing #seawater #tackle #climate #change

Landfills leak methane which kills the climate. What is Colorado doing about it?

Landfills leak methane which kills the climate.  What is Colorado doing about it?

When it comes to greenhouse gases and climate destruction, coal-fired power plants and gasoline-powered cars tend to capture the most pain.

But Colorado, like all other states, has another major source of greenhouse gas emissions right under our feet: garbage.

Here and across the country, rotting garbage and organic waste buried in landfills generate vast amounts of methane, which is dozens of times more potent at altering the climate than carbon dioxide if the methane is allowed to escape.

The nonprofit Watchdog Environmental Integrity Project is highlighting the worst offenders of landfills across the country in a new report, Trashing the Climate. Thankfully, Colorado doesn’t make the top 10, either the worst individual landfills or the worst states overall for free-flying landfill methane production.

The alleged worst offender is a North Carolina landfill near Raleigh in Sampson County, which according to the EPA’s annual greenhouse gas calculator spews 825,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent after the methane multiplier is factored in. Georgia and Ohio, the report said.

By comparison, the large and soon to be closed Larimer County Landfill in southwest Fort Collins emits 196,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent annually. To put that into perspective, the Comanche Energy Complex in Pueblo emits nearly 8 million tons annually and the cement kiln in Florence emits 684,000 tons.

The national report says the combined methane emissions from all landfills have the same impact on climate as 66 million gas-powered cars a year or 79 coal-fired power plants.

Methane leaking from landfills remains a major source of greenhouse gases causing climate change, as methane is much more powerful than carbon dioxide at trapping heat. (Source: Environmental Integrity Project)

The EPA and environmental groups, who know you can’t just stop burying trash all at once in a modern economy, want landfills to capture methane in piping systems and use it on-site to generate electricity, replacing fossil fuels uncorked from the ground, or use it as a renewable gaseous fuel in vehicles. The latest alternative is to burn the methane on site, which isn’t ideal, but it converts the climate-changing multiples of methane into less harmful carbon dioxide.

Colorado health officials agree, and in 2021, the EPA approved its own landfill methane plan. methane to existing pipelines that feed vehicle refueling stations.

The state continues to evaluate ways to further reduce methane from landfills, a health department spokesman wrote in an email response.

The state Division of Air Pollution Control is putting the finishing touches on a new credit trading system for recovered methane. Rules passed in late 2022 require utilities that distribute natural gas to account for methane leaks and greenhouse gas emissions from their networks and start reducing them. They can build or acquire credits from new landfill methane collection, agricultural manure collection, or plants that collect biogas from municipal wastewater treatment.

The Colorado Energy Office, which monitors the state’s greenhouse gas reduction plan, has mentioned a number of landfill projects it hopes will spread across the state.

At Front Range Landfill in Erie, Aria Energy operates a methane-fueled electric generator that can power approximately 3,000 homes, with the United Power cooperative purchasing electricity for the grid.

A similarly sized methane generator runs on gas produced from the closed Lowry landfill and nearby still-open Denver Arapahoe disposal site, northwest of Aurora Reservoir.

The Larimer County Landfill installed natural gas-fired generators in 2010, and the 1.6 megawatts of electricity produced is purchased by the Poudre Valley Rural Electric Association. One megawatt can serve 400 to 1,000 homes.

X3CNG operates a collection of commercial truck CNG filling stations and government gas-running fleets up and down the Front Range. The company says it is purchasing equivalent quantities of landfill and agricultural methane to fuel nearly 100% of its needs and is looking to develop more sources of methane in Western landfills which do not currently collect all of their spilled methane.

There is a solution to breaking the mindset, but getting there takes tons of work. The best way to reduce methane is to put less rotting stuff in those landfills in the first place. Colorado falls behind in this goal, with waste stream deviations of only about 15 percent statewide compared to national averages near 30 percent.

A series of recent state and local moves give environmental groups some hope for diversion from landfills. The producer responsibility law requires packaging manufacturers to pay taxes in a new statewide recycling support system, bringing more curbside composting and recycling to underserved communities.

Denver, meanwhile, has voted to extend mandatory recycling to multi-unit buildings.

Americans throw away 40 percent of their food, says the Environmental Integrity Project report. Those wasted calories start producing methane within a year.

On a global scale, if wasted food were a country, the report said, it would be the third largest emitter of global greenhouse gases, behind China and the United States.

#Landfills #leak #methane #kills #climate #Colorado

Opinion | The climate solution that’s awful for the climate

Opinion |  The climate solution that's awful for the climate

As America scrambles to generate more renewable electricity, it’s become fashionable to worry that solar and wind farms are using too much land. But America is also racing to produce more renewable fuels, and they’re using much, much more land to replace much, much less fossil fuel.

It is well known that agricultural fuels such as corn ethanol and soy biodiesel accelerate food inflation and world hunger, but they are also a disaster for the climate and the environment. And that’s mostly because they’re inefficient land hogs. It takes about 100 acres of biofuels to generate as much energy as a single acre of solar panels; worldwide, a land mass larger than California was used to grow less than 4% of transportation fuel in 2020.

This is a huge waste of precious land the world needs to store carbon that can stabilize our warming climate and grow crops that can help feed its growing population. The Environmental Protection Agency could help curb that waste when it updates America’s broad mandate that encourages biofuel production later this month. It probably won’t, though, because in Washington, where cornethanolism is one of the last truly bipartisan ideologies, nearly everyone loves to pretend biofuels are green.

America is no longer an agrarian nation, but it remains an article of faith among its political elites that agrarian interests in the heart of the earth require constant subsidies. Government support for blending biofuels into U.S. gasoline is often rationalized on the basis of reducing dependence on foreign oil or saving the climate, but it’s mostly a way to suck farmers and agribusinesses rich. Like direct payments, countercyclical payments, loan shortfall payments, and other US agricultural programs, biofuel subsidies reallocate tax dollars from the 99 percent of Americans who don’t farm to the roughly 1 percent who do.

What distinguishes corn-derived ethanol from most other agricultural wastes is that it diverts crops from bellies to fuel tanks and uses nearly as much fossil fuel from natural gas-based fertilizers to diesel tractors, industrial refineries and other sources as ethanol replaces.

But the most damaging effect of biofuels, first revealed in a 2008 article in the journal Science, is that they increase greenhouse gas emissions through the conversion of carbon-rich forests, wetlands and grasslands into agricultural land, expanding the our agricultural footprint as natures shrink. It was tragic when biofuels seemed like the only plausible alternative to planet-burning gasoline, but it’s unforgivable now that electric vehicles have gotten better, cleaner and cheaper. Biofuels are like a throwback to the horse-and-buggy era, when farmers had to grow millions of acres of oats and hay for transportation fuel, except now the crops are processed through ethanol plants instead of animals.

By 2050, the world will need to produce another 7.4 quadrillion calories each year to fill nearly 10 billion bellies, while ending deforestation and other destruction of wilderness to meet the emission goals of the Paris climate accord. Biofuels make both jobs much more difficult.

But President Biden, like Presidents George W. Bush, Barack Obama and Donald Trump before him, pledged allegiance to ethanol before competing in the Iowa caucus because ethanol mandates drive up the price of corn and win the voters. Presidential candidates John McCain, Bernie Sanders and Michael Bloomberg also withdrew their criticisms of biofuels ahead of the Iowacaucus. An episode of The West Wing caught the dilemma WELL when a presidential candidate who wanted to break the tradition of wooing Iowa farmers with exaggerated promises of ethanol quipped, it’s practically in the Oxford English Dictionary under pandering.

“Bambi would have a better chance of being elected NRA president than you would of getting just one vote in this caucus,” his political aide replied.

As president, Mr. Biden has not yet challenged that logic. Instead, he visited an Iowa ethanol plant last year to brag about the lavish biofuel subsidies in its Inflation Reduction Act and to announce a new waiver that allows more ethanol to be sold during the summer to help lower fuel prices. gas.

But his biggest decision is yet to come: what to do about the renewable fuel standard that has kept the industry afloat since the mid-2000s.

The current standard requires 15 billion gallons of corn ethanol to be blended into U.S. gasoline each year. Since ethanol makes no economic sense without standard profitable credits, America currently blends about 15 billion gallons a year. The standard was also supposed to mandate 21 billion gallons of so-called advanced biofuels produced from grasses, agricultural wastes and other unharvested materials by 2022. But because they are difficult to make cheap even with standard lucrative credits, only about a quarter of the quota was achieved in 2022.

The primary exception has been 2 billion gallons of soybean biodiesel, which Congress has designated as advanced biofuel even if it’s derived from crops, because Congress courts soybean farmers as slavishly as it does corn farmers. In fact, it’s mostly the farmers themselves.

But the rules and volumes Congress created for the Renewable Fuel Standard only extended through 2022, and Bidens’ EPA could easily revise them to advance its climate goals. The agency could limit the standard to biofuels made from leftover restaurant fat, crop residues or other waste products that don’t use farmland. It could create a tougher cap on crop-derived biofuels, as Europe has done. Or it could at least change its approach to take land use more seriously in its emissions analyses. Getting through the farm lobby is never easy, but it can be done: Senator Ted Cruz of Texas chose not to bow to ethanol producers in his 2016 presidential campaign, and still won the Iowa Republican caucus.

For now, the EPA’s proposed rule would actually expand soybean biodiesel, which is even more land-intensive than corn ethanol. And even though corn ethanol is basically moonshine, an ancient libation with a centuries-old history as a fuel, a bipartisan group of House members has also introduced a bill to reclassify corn ethanol as an advanced biofuel in so that it can finally cross the 15 billion gallon threshold.

A cosponsor, Rep. Wesley Hunt, a Republican from Texas, has offered a fun new justification for ethanol at a time when EVs look like the future of transportation: Congress must push programs that encourage the combustion engine internal. Back when internal combustion engines were new, congressmen with pram whip factories in their districts probably supported programs to encourage pram whip. Change can be difficult. Progress doesn’t always benefit everyone equally.

But internal combustion engines don’t need government support, and neither do biofuels. They are climate nightmares masquerading as climate solutions and are making life more difficult for some of the poorest people on earth. They’re pretty much in the Oxford English Dictionary under counterproductive.

#Opinion #climate #solution #awful #climate

The climate crisis is on track to push a third of humanity out of its most livable environment

A map of North America.

Climate change is remapping where humans can exist on the planet. As optimal conditions move away from the equator and toward the poles, more than 600 million people have already been stranded outside a crucial environmental niche that scientists say is best sustaining life. By the end of this century, according to a study published last month in the journal Nature Sustainability, 3 to 6 billion people, or between a third and a half of humanity, could be trapped outside that zone, facing the extreme heat, food shortages and rising death rates, unless emissions are drastically reduced or mass migration is accommodated.

The research, which adds new details about who will be most affected where, suggests climate-driven migration could easily eclipse even the broadest estimates, as huge segments of the Earth’s population seek safe havens. It also makes a moral case for immediate and aggressive policies to prevent such a change from happening, in part by showing how unequal the distribution of pain will be and how big the improvements could be with even small results in slowing the pace of warming.

There are clear and profound ethical consequences to the numbers, Timothy Lenton, a lead author of the studies and director of the Global Systems Institute at the University of Exeter in the UK, said in an interview. If we can’t level up with that injustice and be honest about it, then we will never make headway in international action on this issue.

The notion of a climate niche builds on work researchers first published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in 2020, which determined that over the past 6,000 years, humans have gravitated toward a narrow range of temperatures and climate levels. rainfall that supported agriculture and, later, economic growth. That study warned that warming would make those conditions elusive for growing segments of humanity, and found that while just 1% of the earth’s surface is now intolerably hot, nearly 20% could be doing so by 2070.

The new study reconsiders population growth and policy options, and explores scenarios that greatly increase previous estimates, showing that the world’s environment has already changed significantly. He focuses more on temperature than precipitation, finding that most people have thrived on average annual temperatures of 55 degrees Fahrenheit.

If the world were to continue on its current path by gesturing towards moderate emissions reductions but without significantly reducing global carbon levels (a scenario close to what the United Nations calls SSP2-4.5) the planet will likely exceed the target of the Paris Accords to limit average warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius and instead warming to around 2.7 degrees. This pathway, which explains population growth in hot places, could push 2 billion people out of the climate niche within the next eight years, and 3.7 billion by 2090. But the study authors, who have argued in other articles that the most extreme warming scenarios are well within the realm of possibility, warn that even the worst cases should be considered. With 3.6 degrees of warming and a pessimistic climate scenario including ongoing use of fossil fuels, resistance to international migration and much faster population growth (a scenario referred to by the United Nations as SSP3-7), the niche A changing climate could pose what the authors call an existential risk, directly affecting half of the projected total population, or in this case, up to 6.5 billion people.

The data suggests that the world is rapidly approaching a tipping point, after which even small increases in global average temperature will start to have dramatic effects. The world has already warmed by about 1.2 degrees Celsius, pushing 9% of the earth’s population out of the climate niche. At 1.3 degrees, the study estimates the pace would pick up considerably, and for every tenth of a degree of additional warming, Lenton said, 140 million more people would be pushed out of the niche. There’s a real non-linearity lurking in there that we’ve never seen before, he said.

Slowing global emissions would dramatically reduce the number of people displaced or struggling with conditions outside the niche. If warming were limited to the 1.5 degrees Celsius under the Paris Accords, half of people would be outside the optimal zone, according to a calculation that isolates the warming effect. The population suffering from extreme heat would be reduced five-fold, from 22% to just 5% of the people on the planet.

Climate research often frames the implications of warming in terms of economic impacts, expressing the damages in monetary terms that are sometimes used to suggest that small increases in average temperature can be managed. The study disavows this traditional economic framework, which Lenton says is unethical because it prioritizes the wealthy who are alive today, and instead puts the climate crisis in moral terms. Findings show that climate change will disproportionately affect the poorest parts of the world, effectively dooming people living in developing nations and small island states to extreme temperatures, poor crops, conflict, water and food shortages and increased mortality. The last option for many people will be migration. The estimated size of the populations affected, whether 2 billion or 6 billion, suggests an era of global upheaval.

According to the study, India will have by far the largest population outside the climate niche. At current rates of warming, researchers estimate that more than 600 million Indians will be affected, six times as many as if the Paris goals had been met. In Nigeria, more than 300 million citizens will be exposed, seven times as many as if emissions were drastically reduced. Indonesia could see 100 million people leave a safe and predictable environment, the Philippines and Pakistan 80 million people each, and so on. Brazil, Australia and India would see the largest land area become less habitable. But in many smaller countries, all or most of the territory would become almost unlivable with traditional measures: Burkina Faso, Mali, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Niger. While facing much more modest impacts, the United States will also see its South and Southwest fall toward the warmer end of the niche, leading to higher mortality and prompting northward internal migration.

Worldwide, the researchers estimate, the average person who will be exposed to unprecedented heat comes from a place that emits about half as many emissions per person as those in rich countries. American per capita emissions are more than double those of Europeans, who still live a prosperous and modern existence, the authors point out, so there is ample room for comfortable change short of substantial sacrifices. The notion that you need the level of wasteful consumption … that occurs on average in the United States to be part of a happy, thriving, wealthy, democratic society is obviously nonsense, Lenton said.

Every American today emits nearly enough emissions in their lifetime to push a future Indian or Nigerian out of their climate niche, the study found, showing exactly how much damage individual Americans’ actions can cause (1.2 Americans to 1 future person, to be exact). The lifestyle and policy implications are obvious: cutting consumption today reduces the number of people elsewhere who will suffer the consequences tomorrow and can prevent much of the instability that would otherwise result. I cannot as a citizen of a planet with this level of risk that opens up not also have some sort of human and moral response to the figures, Lenton said. We all have to face it, he added, in our own way.

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Road to COP28: Key Space Sector to Mitigate Effects of Climate Change: UAE Space Chief

Road to COP28: Key Space Sector to Mitigate Effects of Climate Change: UAE Space Chief

Space exploration can play a vital role in mitigating the devastating effects of climate change, according to the head of strategic research at the UAE Space Agency. (Stock photo)

Towards COP28


Space exploration can play a vital role in mitigating the devastating effects of climate change, according to the head of strategic research at the UAE Space Agency.

Speaking ahead of the COP28 summit, which will take place in the UAE in November, Abdulla Alshehhi told Al Arabiya English that harnessing the power of space technology – from Earth observation satellites providing crucial data on climate patterns, emissions greenhouse gases and deforestation to cutting-edge research on other celestial bodies – it can revolutionize the way humanity meets the pressing challenge.

Abdulla Alshehhi, head of strategic research at the UAE Space Agency. (Provided)

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With climate change high on the agenda of governments and global institutions, I believe the space sector can play a critical role in minimizing the impact climate change has on our planet, he said. Today, space technology not only helps us understand more about climate change, it has proven to be a catalyst for change in the way certain sectors or industries work.

For example, in agriculture, space satellites provide critical data when it comes to monitoring soil quality, drought conditions and crop development. Satellites are also instrumental in providing weather forecasts that help farmers plan harvest times and decide how much irrigation their crops will need.

With the world’s population expected to grow to 9.7 billion by 2050, improved satellite data is critical to helping farmers improve agricultural yields and ensure there is enough food to meet the needs of the growing population Alshehhi said.

Satellites can enable scientists to gather valuable information about global weather patterns, sea levels and ecosystem health with unprecedented accuracy and range. The data collected helps governments and environmental agencies make informed decisions to combat climate change and establish effective policies.

Space agencies like NASA and the European Space Agency already have dedicated programs that track how the Earth is changing due to greenhouse gas emissions.

Alshehhi said the space technology will also pave the way for more widespread use of climate-friendly autonomous electric vehicles, noting that the way the global population travels will look markedly different in a few years.

Autonomous vehicles under development will rely heavily on GPS technology, which relies on space satellites and communications systems, to operate safely, while autonomous electric vehicles and shared modes of transport can help reduce carbon emissions.

He added: Overall, harnessing the latest space technologies is key as it will not only make our planet more sustainable, but will benefit a wide range of sectors such as energy, food and water, aviation and telecommunications.

UAE Ten Year Plan

In its continued efforts to boost the economy and become a global space leader, the UAE has invested around $10 billion in the space sector as part of its 10-year plan.

In addition to the 10 new spacecraft under development, the UAE possesses more than 20 orbiting satellites and is home to more than 80 international emerging space companies, institutions and facilities, as well as five research centers for space sciences.

Its initiatives include the 2030 National Space Strategy, aimed at enhancing the contribution of the space sector to the national economy, and the UAE Astronaut Programme, which is developing a national team of astronauts for manned and scientific space exploration missions.

The country also celebrated a major milestone this year when Emirati astronaut Sultan Al Neyadi took off on a historic six-month mission to the International Space Station, the longest space mission in the Arab world. He made history as the first Arab astronaut to complete a spacewalk on the International Space Station.

Astronaut Sultan al-Neyadi of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). (AFP)

Alshehhi believes the UAE’s space sector will continue to grow rapidly and go from strength to strength, saying there is no better time than now for the younger generation and adults to pursue a career in space.

He said: Many countries, including the UAE, are now investing significantly in space as it will be crucial in shaping a better future. With a variety of programs and initiatives already underway in the UAE, the space has promising potential to drive positive change in the years to come. The time has come to put more emphasis on the importance of space and attracting talent to the industry.

Space today is not just about developing the next generation of astronauts. It’s a huge industry that requires skills from a diverse range of backgrounds, such as medicine, IT, finance and engineering, all of which are critical to the advancement of the industry. Thus, individuals interested in joining the space industry can explore a wide range of careers including as a data scientist, satellite operator or systems engineer.

Most importantly, the limitless possibilities of the space allow for creativity. With space development a key national priority for the UAE, there is a bright future ahead that can inspire young people to take an interest in space and study subjects in the STEM field.

Alshehhi represents the space sector in NEP 3.0, a program that aims to foster the development of leaders working in sectors strategically important to the future of the country. He is one of 15 UAE-based specialists taking part in the programme.

He joined the Emirates Mars Mission team in 2020 and, in his current role, focuses on promoting the space sector in the UAE and internationally, including representing his country at high-level global gatherings.

He added: The UAE has outlined ambitious plans to boost its economy and I pledge to play my part in this journey by imparting my knowledge from the NEP to all, especially the younger generation, as it will help guide our future progress. .

Young people are already making their voices heard when it comes to sustainability, and it’s vital that everyone joins the conversation at COP28 and hear what impact the space sector can have on a more sustainable future.

To know more:

UAE Sultan al-Jaber stresses the need to use technology to fight climate change

COP28: A timeline of the United Nations’ efforts to tackle climate change

UN climate chief: Phasing out all fossil fuels is key to curbing global warming

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