Louisiana begins negotiations for the first three wind farms in the Gulf of Mexico

Louisiana begins negotiations for the first three wind farms in the Gulf of Mexico

Energy companies aren’t waiting for the federal government to open the waters off the Gulf of Mexico to wind development. Norwegian and Japanese wind farm developers have already bid on at least three projects in Louisiana-managed coastal waters, which offers a potentially faster process for building the first Gulf wind turbines.

We have had significant interest, Governor John Bel Edwards said of the projects. Speaking at the recent American Clean Power Conference in New Orleans, Edwards said he could not identify the companies due to ongoing negotiations with the state Department of Natural Resources, but indicated the companies have their sights set on two areas in the waters of the Louisiana, extending about three miles from the coast

I believe they could be installed in state waters several years before they are successful in federal waters, said Edwards, who has made offshore wind development a key component of Louisiana’s efforts to combat climate change.







Edwards at Clean Energy

Governor John Bel Edwards discusses offshore wind energy at the American Clean Power Conference in New Orleans on May 24, 2023.




DNR records indicate that the state is negotiating offshore wind lease agreements with Mitsubishi-owned Diamond Offshore Wind and Kontiki Winds, a Norwegian company that operates in Louisiana under the Pelican Winds name.

Notes from the May 10 meeting of the DNR Mineral and Energy Council noted discussions of Diamond’s proposals for waters off Terrebonne and Lafourche parishes and a proposal from Kontiki for waters off Cameron parishes and Vermillion. The discussions were part of the executive session of the meeting and were not open to the public.

DNR staff could not discuss the proposals because they are still under negotiation, but indicated that two companies have proposed three different wind farms. Diamond did not respond to inquiries. Kontiki confirmed his offer on Wednesday but did not answer specific questions about his plans. In a statement, the company said it hoped to build a “commercial-scale” project that would be “the first offshore wind farm in the Gulf of Mexico.”







Block Island Wind Farm

Wind turbines in the Atlantic Ocean near Block Island, Rhode Island, photographed in September 2021.




In September, Diamond and Entergy Corp. announced a partnership to explore offshore wind projects in the Gulf, a first step in a process that now appears to be gaining traction. Diamond is a subsidiary of Mitsubishi, a Japanese automaker that has diversified into natural gas production and other energy businesses. Diamond has seven commercial-scale offshore wind projects and is developing a floating wind farm project off the coast of Maine.

Kontiki has shown interest in developing floating wind farms that would power offshore oil and gas platforms. According to an agreement signed in January by Kontiki with Houston-based marine engineering firm Oceaneering, the companies will collaborate on floating micro-grid wind projects connected to offshore platforms and small islands in the Gulf and off the coast of Brazil and Northern Europe.

It’s unclear how large or how far the proposed wind farms in Louisiana waters would be. Wind developers and state leaders expect little opposition because few people have homes on Louisiana’s swampy coast and the Gulf fishing industry is already used to navigating around drilling rigs and other oil and gas infrastructure. Concerns have been raised about the impacts on wildlife, especially the millions of birds that migrate across the Gulf each year.







Island block

The platforms for these wind turbines in the Atlantic Ocean near Block Island, Rhode Island were built in southern Louisiana.




Federal versus state waters

Federally managed waters, which begin where state waters end and stretch 200 miles, have higher average wind speeds and greater potential for large-scale projects, but companies are increasingly willing to invest in larger-scale projects. reduced scale in state waters thanks, in part, to a streamlined approval process.

The U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management recently reduced wind development areas in federal Gulf waters by two-thirds and slowed the lease process to allow for accelerated plans for new oil and gas drilling.

Bidding for the first federal offshore lease areas in the Gulf is expected to begin this summer. The areas will likely cover a 102,000-acre patch south of Lake Charles and two patches near Galveston, Texas that could be reduced to 100,000 acres.

Wind farm developers would have to carry out site assessments, surveys, environmental reviews and other steps that could take much of the remaining decade. The first wind farms in federal waters likely won’t begin construction until 2030.







NO.windship.adv.961.JPG

The 262-foot-long Eco Edison offshore wind support vessel is seen at LaShip in Houma on Tuesday, April 4, 2023. (Photo by Brett Duke, NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune)




Several industry representatives expressed frustration with the federal permitting process at the Clean Power conference. There is a freeze on East Coast wind projects that could help President Joe Biden’s administration meet its goal of generating 30,000 megawatts of offshore wind power by 2030, but so far only two wind farms are operating in U.S. waters .

We have a lot of momentum, said Susan Nickey, an executive at Hannon Armstrong Sustainable Infrastructure Capital, an investment firm specializing in renewable energy. But we and they must pave the way for real reform of permits and transmission.

While Louisiana waters won’t attract the massive deepwater projects slated off windswept New England, Edwards said his state can offer smaller projects a quicker start.

We need to start making progress much faster, he said. I believe that (allowing) it can probably be improved. There are steps that can be done at the same time rather than sequentially. There are so many things we can do, especially around clean energy.







Edwards Clean Energy

American Clean Power Association CEO Jason Grumet, left, discusses the potential of offshore wind energy in Louisiana waters with Governor John Bel Edwards at the Clean Power Conference in New Orleans on May 24, 2023.




Cozy wind energy

Like Biden, Edwards has crafted ambitious climate goals. The Edwards climate task force wants the state to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050. The task force wants Louisiana to get at least 5,000 megawatts of its energy from offshore wind over the next 12 years.

Edwards’ enthusiasm for offshore wind has attracted the interest of developers. Last year, Orsted and RWE, the two major players in the offshore wind industry, highlighted Edwards’ support in letters urging BOEM to focus on federal permits near Louisiana.

The vote of confidence by European companies in Louisiana came as somewhat of a surprise because waters off Texas have stronger and more consistent wind speeds. But Texas leaders have proposed new rules that would limit the growth of renewable energy.

For Edwards, offshore wind means more than just cleaner energy. It means jobs.







NO.windship.adv.48.JPG

A worker uses a welder as parts are being made for the 262-foot-long Eco Edison offshore wind support vessel at LaShip in Houma on Tuesday, April 4, 2023. (Photo by Brett Duke, NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune)




A study by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory estimated that a wind project built near Lake Charles could create about 4,470 construction jobs and generate $445 million in goods and services. Once built, the hypothetical wind farm would support 150 jobs and an annual $14 million input into the economy from operations, maintenance and materials.

Edwards noted that the skills and resources needed for offshore wind are already abundant in Louisiana. Several steel fabrication, engineering and shipbuilding companies that have served Louisiana’s oil and gas industry are shifting their focus to offshore wind projects.

Six Louisiana companies helped build the country’s first wind farm, a relatively small collection of five turbines in waters managed by the state of Rhode Islands. Built in 2016, the 30-megawatt Block Island Wind Farm could offer a clue to the size and scale of wind farms that could take shape in Louisiana waters over the next few years.

Block Island was brought in (with) Louisiana companies the lifting rigs, the manufacturers, the engineers, Edwards said. And we know it will work here in Louisiana.

Winds of change: How the Gulf of Mexico could be the next offshore wind farm

The new boundaries include a 102,000-acre area south of Lake Charles and two areas near Galveston, Texas.

A Houma shipyard is building a one-of-a-kind vessel to support the booming offshore wind energy on the East Coast.


#Louisiana #begins #negotiations #wind #farms #Gulf #Mexico

The oceans are under threat. What it means for investors.

The oceans are under threat.  What it means for investors.

The world’s oceans are under threat, risking trillions of dollars in revenue, warns a new report. But the dire situation is also an opportunity to invest in ocean climate solutions, such as offshore wind energy.

The study, by Citi Global Perspectives and Solutions (GPS), found that $4.3 trillion in revenue could be at risk today due to direct damage to the marine environment from things like fishing and habitat loss. Additionally, $27 trillion in revenue could be indirectly at risk from other ocean stressors, such as pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Pollution, especially plastics, is widely considered harmful to ocean biodiversity and ecosystems.

Ocean health is intrinsically linked to climate change, Ying Qin, global issues analyst at Citi Global Insights and lead author of the report, said in an interview. It’s not a niche theme or topic, it’s very connected to a lot of the emerging sustainability themes and trends, and there’s a lot of opportunities that maybe traditional investors aren’t aware of with regards to the ocean.

The analysis was based on 2021 revenue data from 48,000 public companies across all sectors, not just the maritime industries.

Ocean chemistry is changing, with acidification increasing at an unprecedented rate, Citi said. By the end of this century, the ocean is projected to be 150% more acidic than it is now based on normal emissions scenarios that pose a significant threat to marine life.

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While there are many risks from the threat of sea level rise and coastal habitat destruction to supply chain disruptions and pollution, there are also many opportunities in the ocean economy, the report said, including in emerging oceanic industries. offshore renewable energy and carbon capture and storage, or CCS for short.

Offshore wind capacity has grown steadily over the past decade, rising from 3 Gigawatts (GW) in 2010 to 34 GW in 2020. It is projected to reach 380 GW by 2030 and more than 2,000 GW by 2050. Shell (SHEL) and Equinor (EQNR) all invest in offshore wind.

As for CCS, the report notes that it is virtually impossible to achieve net zero without this technologyBarronCCS, the technology that traps carbon dioxide from industrial processes and permanently sequesters it in underground rock formations, has become a highly publicized response to the world’s need to curb greenhouse gas emissions quickly and curb global warming.

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Citi said one way CCS can be used is to store captured CO2 underground, which could be in deep salt formations, unminable coal beds, or depleted oil and gas fields. Norway is a leader in the CCS space and in 2021 launched a CCS plan dubbed Longships, after the Viking boats. The plan calls for capture, transport and storage under the seabed.

Earlier this month, Exxon Mobil (XOM) announced a deal to capture carbon from a Louisiana plant owned by steel company Nucor
,

his latest effort to decarbonise heavy industry.

The oceans are the world’s largest ecosystem: they cover 70% of the earth’s surface, are home to 80% of all life and produce 50% of the oxygen we breathe, according to the report. They are also one of the largest carbon sinks in the world, absorbing 30 percent of man-made carbon dioxide and capturing 90 percent of the heat generated by those emissions, Citi said.

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It’s hard to overstate the importance of a healthy ocean to our planet, society and the global economy, the authors said.

A 2015 report by the World Wildlife Fund said the ocean’s combined value is approximately $25 trillion, providing at least $2.5 trillion worth of goods and services each year.

Email Lauren Foster [email protected]

#oceans #threat #means #investors